The "Science" of mental Health

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The "Science" of mental Health includes both "Psychology" and "Psychiatry".[1] Merriam-Webster's Dictionary defines "Psychology" as "the science of mind and behaviour".[2] The word originates from the Hellenic Word for "Soul", which is "ψυχή", transliterated "Psychí", and the Suffix "-λογία", which means "Study of" and is transliterated "-logía".[3][4] "¨Psychology" can be compared to "Psychiatry".[5] According to the "The New York Times", a recent Study done by 270 Researchers has shown that, out of 100 selected "Studies" published in "Psychology"-Journals, only 35 could be replicated.[6] The Microbiologist Alex B. Berezow holds "Psychology" to be unscientific.[7][8] According to Alex, "Psychology" lacks (direct Quotes):

  1. clearly defined terminology.
  2. quantifiability.
  3. highly controlled experimental conditions.
  4. reproducibility.
  5. predictability and testability.[7]

"ADHD"

According to Dr Richard Saul, a behavioral Neurologist practicing in the Chicago Area, "Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity-Disorder" ("ADHD") does not exist. He wrote a book on the subject, titled "ADHD Does Not Exist". Richard says that "Medications" people are given when they are "diagnosed" with "ADHD" could have the following "Side-Effects", if that's what one wants to call them: "increased anxiety, irritable or depressed mood, severe weight loss due to appetite suppression, and even potential for suicide". And there's one more potential "Side-Effect": "[M]any patients on stimulants report having erectile dysfunction when they are on the medication."[9]

Homosexuality

Gregory M. Herek says: "By the end of the 19th century, medicine and psychiatry were effectively competing with religion and the law for jurisdiction over sexuality." It was not until 1973 that Homosexuality was removed from the List of "mental Disorders" in the so-called "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" ("DSM"). After this, the "Diagnosis" "ego-dystonic Homosexuality" was added to the third Edition of the "DSM" in 1980, which characterised those with this supposed "Disorder" as having (direct Quote):

(1) a persistent lack of heterosexual arousal, which the patient experienced as interfering with initiation or maintenance of wanted heterosexual relationships, and
(2) persistent distress from a sustained pattern of unwanted homosexual arousal.

After much Backlash, this "Diagnosis", was also taken out.[10]

"Intelligence Quotient", a.k.a. "IQ"

"Psychologists" openly admit that "IQ is not real", but rather "a philosophical construct psychologists have created to describe a subset of human functioning they believe to be subjectively important in modern society." In Fact, "Psychologists" say that "IQ tests are very culturally specific and may be invalid when used in other cultures."[11]

Blaming everything on a "mental Illness"

Sometimes People blame everything on a "mental Illness" when something might just be a personal Decision or there might be something physical underlying the Issue. For example, there is a supposed "Diagnosis" called "hypoactive sexual Desire-Disorder" where the Individual doesn't experience sexual Urges or is dissatisfied in general with their Sex-Life. Even Proponents of "Psychology" admit that the real Problem might be a physical Health-Condition or something hormonal.[12]

Proposal to include "hypersexual disorder" in "DSM"

In 2010, there was a proposal by Martin Kafka to include a new "illness" into the "DSM": "hypersexual disorder".[13] "Hypersexual disorder" was defined as "a sexual desire disorder characterized by an increased frequency and intensity of sexually motivated fantasies, arousal, urges, and enacted behavior in association with an impulsivity—a maladaptive behavioral response with adverse consequences".[13] In fact some even regard "repetitive" masturbation and Internet pornography as "symptoms" of "hypersexual disorder".[14] The proposal was turned down by the American "Psychiatric" Association.[15]

The Little Albert experiment

In 1920, John Broadus Watson, considered the founder of the so-called "behaviourism" branch of "psychology", and Rosalie Rayner conducted an experiment on a 9-month-old baby named Albert. At first Albert showed no fear in the presence of a tame white rat, a rabbit, a dog, a monkey, cotton, a mask or a burning newspaper. These were the neutral stimuli. Then Albert was shown the tame white rat again, but this time John clanged a steel bar with a hammer behind Albert every time Albert tried to touch the rat. The loud sound was the unconditioned stimulus. This was done twice on one day and five times a week later. After this Albert began to immediately cry (the conditioned response) whenever he saw the rat:[II]

The instant the rat was shown, the baby began to cry. Almost instantly he turned sharply to the left, fell over on [his] left side, raised himself on all fours and began to crawl away so rapidly that he was caught with difficulty before reaching the edge of the table.[I]

Albert was now afraid of anything furry, including a white-bearded Santa Claus mask. Although this experiment is now considered unethical, it continues to show up in textbooks.[II]

Books cited

  • [I] ^ John B. Watson, Rosalie Rayner (1920/2000). "Conditioned emotional reactions". "Journal of Experimental Psychology", 3, 1-14. (Reprinted March 2000: "American Psychologist", 55[3], 313-317)
  • [II] ^ I II Don H. Hockenbury, Sandra E. Hockebury (2011). "Discovering Psychology", Fifth Edition. pgs. 189-193. New York, NY: Worth Publishers.

References

  1. "Psychologist vs. Psychiatrist". diffen.com. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
  2. "pscyhology", Definition 1. merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  3. "-λογία". wiktionary.org. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  4. "ψυχή". wiktionary.org. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  5. ['psychiatry'. cambridge.org. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  6. Benedict Carey, Michael Roston (28 August 2015). "Three Popular Psychology Studies That Didn't Hold Up". nytimes.com Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Alex B. Berezow (13 July 2012). "Why psychology isn't science". latimes.com. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  8. Gregg Henriques (27 January 2016). "The 'Is Psychology a Science?' Debate". Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  9. Dr Richard Saul (14 March 2014). "Doctor: ADHD Does Not Exist". time.com Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  10. "Facts About Homosexuality and Mental Health". ucdavis.edu. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  11. John M. Grohol (17 July 2016). "IQ Test". psychcentral.com. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  12. "What Is Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder?" everydayhealth.com. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  13. 13.0 13.1 Martin P. Kafka (April 2010). "Hypersexual disorder: a proposed diagnosis for DSM-V". pubmed.gov. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  14. D.J. Stein, D.W. Black, W. Pienaar (January 2010). "Sexual disorders not otherwise specified: compulsive, addictive, or impulsive?" pubmed.gov. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  15. Robert Weiss (18 August 2014). "New Research Supports Sexual Addiction as a Legitimate Diagnosis". rehabs.com. Retrieved 2 September 2016.